Haiti has the lowest Human Development Index in the Americas in 2016 (0.493) and is ranked 163 (of 188) in the world.
Many Haitians are still struggling with the legacy of the magnitude 7.0 earthquake which struck Haiti on 12 January 2010. The earthquake caused an estimated 230,000 deaths; 2 million people were displaced from their homes and many still live in informal settlements; 3 million people (nearly 1/3 of the population) were affected by the earthquake.
Haiti is prone to natural disasters, with tropical storms and hurricanes being a yearly occurrence from June to November. Widespread deforestation has led to Haiti’s mountainous landscape being vulnerable to landslides.
Since the outbreak of cholera in October 2010 more than 810,000 cases have been reported with over 9,750 deaths. Cholera continues to be a humanitarian threat, with 432 cholera cases reported in January 2018.
GOAL began working in Haiti following the catastrophic earthquake of 12 January 2010 which killed more than 220,000 people and left 1.5 million people homeless and living in makeshift camps. Immediate work was undertaken to provide food, shelter along with clean water and proper sanitation to displaced peoples. GOAL worked with authorities to move families out of displacement camps and into safe homes and to respond to the outbreak of cholera that quickly spread across the country.
Today, GOAL’s vision for Haiti is safe and resilient communities, where Haitians understand their needs and vulnerabilities but equally their strengths, resources and capacities, where Haitians lead the way to respond to those needs, prepare for future disasters, and bring lasting change to improve their lives.
GOAL’s programme responses are concentrating on meeting the humanitarian needs while also building preparedness and resilience in communities and working towards sustainable development.